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Located at Arthur Kill Road, Staten Island New York, Charleston Bus Annex was a much needed project to help maintain New York City Transit bus system.  The planning took more than three decades but was ultimately fast-track and completed in 2009 by Tully Construction and design partner PB Americas.

I was the project architect representing New York City Transit.  My duties included site visits , inspections, RFIs, submittals and weekly progress meetings.   (image provided by New York City Transit)



East Side Access is one of New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority's largest capital project.  The master plan started in 1998 and scheduled to be completed in 2022.  At completion ESA (East Side Access) will provide 40 miles of new track that will extend the Long Island Rail Road from its Main Line in Queens into a new station beneath Grand Central Terminal on Manhattan's East Side.  ESA will reduce crowding at Penn Station and other subway lines by minimizing transfers between stations.

As the project leader, I was involved with the pre-planning phase in 1998.   My team and I performed research on commuter and subway lines as well as feasibility studies on ridership.  On the design side we set up CAD standards and design standards.  (images provided by Newsday, Wikimedia, Flickr and New York City Transit)



In 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused significant damage to NYCT (New York City Transit) structures and facilities, resulting in shutdowns throughout the subway system and tremendous economic losses (see Fig. 1, 2, 3, 4).  The Sandy storm surge affected structures, subways, tunnels, critical equipment located within buildings and yards and track infrastructure, as well as the salt corrosive damaged to the electrical, mechanical and communication systems.

As a result, a special program (named Sandy Recovery & Resiliency) within the NYCT was formed to address and enhance flood mitigation in the vulnerable areas of New York City Transit.  I was selected as an assistant design manager to the R&R Program.

As the design manager I am responsible for project planning, scope development, design, and design construction support during construction for the flood mitigation projects.  Sample projects my team and I worked on for the R&R Program were to do extensive feasibility reports and analyzed vulnerabilities and design solutions for vent bays (see Fig. 5), subway entrances (see Fig. 6), doors (see Fig. 7), hatches (see Fig. 8), and manholes (see Fig. 9).
(images provided by Arup, ILC Dover and New York City Transit)

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Fig. 1 - South Ferry Terminal Station

Fig. 3 & 4 - 28th and 45th Street Station

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Fig. 2  - 28th Street Station

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MCDs (Mechanical Closure Device) function as a watertight door, sitting beneath a grate in a vent shaft, to hold back water during flood events. These MCDs will have the ability to seal the ventilator grates so that the subway station is protected from future flood events. The devices, underneath the vent, are manually activated by subway personnel in the event of an anticipated storm.

Fig. 5 - Contractors installing MCDs at sidewalk grating

A consultant to the New York City Transit, the Arup team collaborated with ILC Dover to  develop Flexgate - a fabric-based gate installed at the top of a subway entrance that can be deployed quickly and withstand flooding associated with Category 2 hurricanes. Flexgate comprises of material used in NASA’s spacesuits and replaces traditional flood barriers, introducing an innovative point-of-application system that eliminates the need for post-storm cleanup. The gate stretches horizontally, completely covering both the entrance and stairwells. 

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Fig. 6 - Flaxgate fully deloyed at Broadway Station

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Fig. 7 a - Door vulnerability

Fig. 7 b - Door design solution

Fig. 8 a - Hatch vulnerability

Fig. 8 b - Hatch design solution

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Fig. 9 a - Manhole vulnerability

Fig. 9 b - Manhole design solution

Fig. 5a - MCD

Fig. 5b - Sidewalk grating

Fig. 6a - Subway stairwell 

Fig. 6b - Flexgate section

Fig. 6c - Flexgate installed over subway stairwell entrance

Fig. 7 - Flood door

Fig. 8 - Flood hatch

Fig. 9 - Manhole insert


6th & Franklin is a mixed-use multi-family residential located in the heart of downtown Richmond, Virginia.  The first level is a podium construction with restaurant, bar and boutique.  The second level has a resident's lounge leading to an outdoor terrace.  The rooftop have a gym and a rooftop terrace bar.  The building also have a pet spa, fenced dog run and bicycle storage.  I was the project manager leading a multi-discipline design team from the Schematic Design phase to the GMP phase.  My responsibilities included but not limited to budget analysis, code analysis, OAC meetings and AEC meetings.  I am responsible for the project's scope, costs and schedule.  I oversee the responsibilities of the design team to implement the project according to the client's expectations. (image and video provided by Johnston Design Group)



Blake Farm apartments are a 55+ community project located in Wilmington North Carolina.  The square footprint of this site consist of four quadrant buildings that encompasses a pool and amenity center with gazebo and small garages surrounding the sides.  I was the construction administrator representing the architect for this project.  My responsibilities included site visits, construction meetings, RFIs and submittals.  (images provided by Chris Herman Construction and Johnston Design Group)





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